Geology 440: Sedimentology and Stratigraphy:

processes, environments and deposits

Lecture Notes

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No lecture on January 18th (Martin Luther King Day)
Lecture 01: Scope, assessment and structure of course; Introduction to Sedimentology and Basic Definitions: uses and applications of Sedimentology.
Lecture 02: Sedimentology – a very brief history: concepts, developments and bandwagons; The physical properties of sediments and sediment classification: weathering and sediment yield
Lecture 03: Fundamentals of Fluid Flow: fluid properties and types; Boundary layer structure; unidirectional flows.
Lecture 04: Grain settling, sediment entrainment and transport: making the sedimentary system tick
Lecture 05: Bedforms and sedimentary structures in unidirectional flows
Lecture 6: Bedforms and sedimentary structures in unidirectional flows (contd); Flow, bedforms and sedimentary structures in oscillatory and multidirectional flows
Lecture 7: Flow, bedforms and sedimentary structures in oscillatory and multidirectional flows (contd)
Lecture 8: Erosional sedimentary processes and sedimentary structures
Lecture 9: Post-depositional processes: soft sediment deformation and its products (see also http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/1998/of98-488/). Also see link to 1811-1812 New Madrid earthquake at http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/states/events/1811-1812.php

Lecture 10: Sedimentary Environments and facies: an introduction; Controls on deposition, preservation and accumulation
Lecture 11:  Alluvial Fan Facies
Lecture 12: Aeolian Facies
Lecture 13: Aeolian Facies (contd)
Lecture 14: Fluvial facies
Lecture 15: Fluvial facies (contd)
Lecture 16: Deltaic processes and deposits: river dominated deltas
Lecture 17: Student presentations (2, 15 minute group presentations; see links to presentations below)
Lecture 18: Deltaic facies (contd); wave and tidal dominated deltas  
Lecture 19: Tidal Flats and Estuarine Facies
Lecture 20: Student presentations (2, 15 minute group presentations; see links to presentations below)
Lecture 21: Clastic coastlines and shallow seas
Lecture 22: Volcaniclastic environments
Lecture 23: Student presentations (2, 15 minute group presentations; see links to presentations below)
Lecture 24: Turbidity currents and deep sea environments
Lecture 25: Submarine fans, canyons and the deep oceans
Lecture 26: Student presentations (2, 15 minute group presentations; see links to presentations below)

MID-TERM EXAM: Friday March 19th

March 20th-28th: SPRING BREAK


Lecture 27: Overview, Goals and Basics
Lecture 28: Nature of Sediments
Lecture 29: Clastic Sediments Composition and Classification
Lecture 30: Carbonate Sediments Composition and Classification
Lecture 31: Point-Count Data Overview and Examples
Lecture 32: Carbonate Geochemistry
Lecture 33: Carbonate Depositional Facies
Lecture 34: Carbonate Depositional Facies
Lecture 35: Carbonate Diagenesis
Lecture 36: Case Study: French Alps Cretaceous

(Geological Time Scale + Need-to-Know)
Extra Credit 01 - Powers of 10 Exercise
 

Lecture 37: Paragenetic Sequence Overview and Examples
Lecture 38: Carbonate Reefs (Fouke et al. 1996 Vercors reprint)
Lecture 39: Stratigraphy, Contacts and Cycles
Lecture 40: Depositional Sequences/Sequence Stratigraphy
Lecture 41: Vercor Wheeler Diagrams

*** Saturday April 30th, 2010 – One-day Field Trip to Indiana***


Lecture 42: Sea Level: Definitions and Drivers
Lecture 43: Chemostratigraphy and OAEs
 

End of Course Final Exam: during scheduled UIUC exam time at the following time and place: Tuesday May 11th 2010, from 8:00 – 11:00 am in Room 258 NHB.

 
 

 


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